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Detention Center Scorecards

Our Detention Center Scorecards are aimed at highlighting the most banal and deplorable detention centers in California. The centers we have chosen are based on a report by Human Rights Watch that features the immigrant detention centers with the highest populations.

CIYJA's goal is the abolishment and dismantling of all detention centers because we recognize that they only exist to oppress and profit off of immigrants.

Yuba County Jail is about one hour north of Sacramento and has very limited visiting hours.  

1 documented deaths; tt was a suicide of mentally ill detainee. This detention center was sued in 2016 after lawyers discovered 41 suicide attempts at the center that occurred within 2 years.

The county has been under court order to improve the jail’s conditions for 38 years, and ICE auditors have found problems at the jail in the past.

Cockroaches, mold on the walls and unsanitary kitchen areas cited in ICE compliance inspection.

30 minutes away from Downtown Sacramento. Visitation dates and hours are very limited compared to other detention centers.

1 documented death in March 2018. It is still being investigated.

According to a report by a disability rights org, the detention center used undue and excessive isolation and solitary confinement; inadequate mental health care; and denial of rights under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).

Compliance report found a very unclean kitchen area.

Access for Freedom for Immigrants’ visitation program was revoked March 6. This detention center is about 45 minutes away from San Francisco.

1 documented death of a woman, who passed away getting medical treatment for undisclosed reasons. 

Recently, two inmates were raped by a deputy (not in ICE custody but in general population) but Sheriff Livingston has tried to downplay the situation. This complaint by women published on IMMprint details physical and verbal abuse.

Religious diets are not respected, and in a compliance inspection report, Jail officials say that the exclusion of meat from a meal constitutes a religious diet.

Because Mesa Verde is far from the courts and urban hubs, visitations can be difficult when folks are brought in from far away. This is an issue bc most of the lawyers that represent these folks are pro-bono lawyers who don’t get much compensation as it is, and a drive to Central Valley can be time consuming and costly. Geo argues that the detention center was created for folks from the area to have their detained loved ones close by, yet no data suggests that only folks from the Central Valley are housed there.

0 Documented Deaths.

transferring immigrants to the new facility in Mesa Verde represents a big health risk to the people ICE plans to detain there.

Mesa Verde is located in the heart of a region that has high rates of coccidioidomycosis cases, a disease also known as “cocci,” valley fever, or death dust. For most, valley fever is a momentary illness, but for some people, it can be life-threatening, requiring hospitalization or a lifetime of medical treatment.”

According to ICE’s own reports, allegations of bad food conditions have surfaced on behalf of detainees who said that meals are often repeated. GEO provides food services for its own detention centers, and though they say their meals are approved by a nutritionist, they are not accredited by any Health or Food Services.

Moderate. Theo Lacy is in the city of Orange, about 45 minutes away from Los Angeles.

2 Documented Deaths. Both deaths involves inmates who were beat to death by other inmates as a result of sheriff neglect and inadequacy. 

According reports by Freedom for Immigrants and the ACLU, the Theo Lacy Facility overused solitary confinement, practiced Medical neglect, and had many instances of Physical abuse.

This is by the far the worst detention center in terms of food quality. Detainees are being served “spoiled meat” according to an assessment by the Offices of the Inspector General.

Moderate. James A Musick is in the city of Irvine, about 45 minutes away from Los Angeles.

2 Documented Deaths. One inmate died of a heart attack in detention, and the family sued the sheriffs arguing that his death could have been prevented with proper medical treatment. 

According to a report by the ACLU, detainees said that guards would often berate them, spit on them, and used racial slurs to instigate violence.

“Dominic states that Deputy I spit ice water on her as she returned from an official visit.” (James A. Musick, 8/15/2012)

Moderate, no highlighted conditions in ICE report. 

The trek to Adelanto can be impossible without a car, and even with one, unpaved and unmarked roads can be as dangerous as they are terrifying. Additionally, in person interactions are forbidden and visitation occurs through impersonal and monitored video calls.

6 Documented Deaths. This detention center has the second most deaths in the state of California. It was the deadliest detention center to be held at in 2017, and a federal investigation of deaths concluded that they could have been prevented. Adelanto is run by The Geo Group, one of the biggest private businesses that profits off of detention migration. Geo has a track record of human rights violations. 

This detention center has the 2nd most deportations in California and is notorious for human rights violations, deplorable conditions and physical as well as verbal abuse. Conditions in the Detention Center are grueling, and grassroots organizers have been advocating for its closure for years. They have been accused of many human rights and physical abuse violations that have led to six deaths, a miscarriage, and multiple religious rights violations. One detainee revealed details of extreme physical abuse involving tear gas and brutal punishment.

This facility has no food quality accreditation and according to inspections by ICE food quality is poor. 

This facility is near the border making visitation a difficult task for immigrant families.

0 Documented Deaths

According to a detention center compliance inspection, ‘Four detainees alleged a staff officer was rude and verbally abusive towards detainees.” The same report found multiple instances of medical negligence.

The facility has no food service accreditation and detainees have been served spoiled milk.

Otay Mesa is about an hour away from downtown San Diego. Visitations are limited and the location close to the border keeps many immigrant families away from their loved ones.

12 Documented Deaths. By far the most deaths at any detention center in California. Many folks attempting to enter the U.S go through the deadly Otay Mesa Detention Center. One inmate’s body was not found until days later when the smell caused concern. CoreCivic, the private group that profits off of immigrant incarceration at this center, has a history of complaints, violations and abuse. 

Otay Mesa is Among the top five detention facilities for sexual assault complaints, and is the detention center with the most deaths in California at 12 deaths. There have been Complaints of mistreatment/inadequate care for detained pregnant women,

Controversy over Forced labor, and it is the detention center that deports more people than any other in the state.

The facility has no food service accreditation.

The Yolo Juvenile Detention Facility  is about half an hour outside of Sacramento. The visitation schedule is restrictive.

2 Deaths by suicide in 2010

Yolo County Juvenile Detention Center is one of two facilities that houses children immigrants under the direction of the Office of Refugee Resettlement. The detention center was nearly closed down this year because of reports of lack of mental health care access and violent incidents.

No available information on food quality. 

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